Some Interesting Points from the 2011 National Standards Review

Oct 6

October 2011 Scrapie Canada Update

Once a year, Scrapie Canada’s working group convenes to review the National Standards of the Scrapie Flock Certification Program. The working group is an advisory committee compiled of representatives from the Canadian Sheep Federation, the Canadian National Goat Federation, the Canadian Sheep Breeders Association and the Canadian Livestock Genetics Association whose purpose is to oversee projects administered by Scrapie Canada. The annual review of the National Standards allows for regular review of the SFCP rules and regulations, and presents an opportunity to put forward industry-proposed changes to the program. Producer and industry comments regarding the SFCP are collected throughout the year and addressed at the annual review, in the interest of maintaining stakeholder input in the program. Proposed amendments are discussed by the working group and policy is reviewed by the CFIA, and changes are made where possible through a collaborative process. The 2011 National Standards review addressed some key policy resulting in some regulatory changes. The following points may be of particular interest to SFCP participants.

The Use of Embryos in the SFCP

Embryos brought into a SFCP enrolled flock or herd have the same effect on participant status as the acquisition of live females. That’s to say that using an embryo sourced from a non-enrolled flock or herd will downgrade a participant’s status to entry Level E where sourcing embryos from a lower SFCP status flock or herd will result in a participant’s status being downgraded to the status of the embryo. As with live females, purchasing an embryo from a SFCP enrolled flock or herd of an equivalent or higher status will result in no change to the purchaser’s status. But how do we establish the effect on SFCP status when using an embryo collected from a producers own farm prior to enrolment (or collected when you were at a lower status and then stored)? That question was raised recently at the National Standards review and is one worth looking into further.

The answer to this query is not a straight forward one, and the outcome depends entirely on what became of the donor female.

  • If the donor female left the flock or herd before the producer joined the SFCP, the embryo is considered as though coming from a non-enrolled SFCP flock/herd; its use will result in the downgrade of participant status to Level E.
  • If the donor female joined the SFCP and is still alive in the flock or herd; the use of the embryo has no impact on the participant’s status.
  • If the donor female joined the SFCP, remained in the flock/herd until she died and tested negative for scrapie (part of the deadstock testing requirements); the use of the embryo has no impact on the participant’s status.
  • If the donor female joined the SFCP but has since been sold to a non-enrolled or lower status SFCP flock/herd, and is still alive; the use of the embryo will downgrade the participant to the donor female’s last known SFCP status.
  • If the donor female joined the SFCP, has been sold to a non-enrolled or lower status flock/herd, has since died and has been tested negative for scrapie; the use of the embryo will have no impact participant status.

Good News for Quebec Producers

A new motion passed at the 2011 National Standards review saw the acceptance of Agri-Traceability Quebec (ATQ) reports as supporting documents for SFCP annual inventory reconciliations. Previously, producers were required to provide private sales receipts, auction receipts and slaughter receipts to verify the movement of all animals out of their herds or flocks throughout the year. For Quebec producers this task represented the duplication of information reporting already provided to ATQ as part of the mandatory animal traceability reporting in the province. This SFCP policy change means that Quebec producers may use their ATQ report on animal movement in lieu of original receipts, saving a considerable amount of time and resources required to compile that amount of information. The changes fell short of allowing the use of ATQ inventory reports in the place of a veterinary supervised inventory. All producers, regardless of their place of residence, will continue to be required to have a scrapie accredited veterinarian conduct their annual inventory report. The inventory process is designed to do more than account for the presence of every eligible animal on-farm; a vital part of that process allows the accredited veterinarian to conduct a visual inspection of the flock/herd checking for clinical signs of scrapie. And as always, producers will be responsible for providing any information deemed absent from the annual reports. These changes will help reduce the amount of work required to complete and submit producers’ annual inventory reconciliations and are anticipated to encourage program uptake by larger producers.

Have a question or comment?

Scrapie Canada's Project Partners

Canadian Sheep Federation

Canadian Sheep Breeder’s Association

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

Canadian National Goat Federation

Canadian Food Inspection Agency